:: Mengunjungi Prasasti Cikapundung (Visiting Cikapundung Inscription) ::

Cikapundung Inscription

Prasasti Cikapundung

Alkisah, sekitar tahun 2010, terdengar kabar ditemukannya sebuah prasasti di tepi Sungai Cikapundung. Tepatnya di Kampung Cimaung Kulon, Kel. Tamansari, Kec. Bandung Wetan, Kota Bandung. Prasasti ini unik karena diketemukan berada di tengah pemukiman padat penduduk dan sampai saat ini, masih merupakan satu-satunya prasasti yang di temukan benar-benar di tengah Kota Bandung. Prasasti raja Thailand di Curug Dago mungkin ada juga, namun letaknya sudah berada di perbatasan luar kota.

 Suatu siang, selepas Shalat Jum’at di Masjid Lautze 2 Bandung, rasa penasaran saya terhadap prasasti ini menguatkan tekad untuk melihat situs ini. Bermodalkan GPS, dan informasi dari warga yang ditemui sepanjang perjalanan, saya mulai menyusuri rute Merdeka-R.E Martadinata, lalu berbelok kearah Universitas Pasundan. Sampai disini sudah masuk wilayah Kelurahan Tamansari, namun Kampung Cimaung bukan disini, karena letaknya justru berada di bawah Cihampelas. Hanya tinggal menyusuri Jalan Tamansari hingga perempatan Balubur (dibawah fly-over Pasopati), lalu sekitar 50 meter dari simpang tersebut, ada simpang berbelok kearah kiri memasuki Jalan Pelesiran. Lurus saya ikut jalan tersebut hingga akhirnya tiba di tepian Sungai Cikapundung yang cukup deras dikarenakan hujan sempat menggayut di pagi harinya. Bertanya sana-sini diikuti dengan keluar masuk gang sempit, akhirnya saya tiba di prasasti tersebut setelajh 30 menit berjalan.

 Prasasti ini memang hanya sekitar 5 meter dari tebing di tepi Sungai Cikapundung. Berukuran sekitar 1.8 meter dan sepertinya telah tertanam cukup dalam dengan tanah. Selain itu didekat batu ini, telah tumbuh pohon tua yang cukup tinggi, sehingga batu prasasti ini benar-benar dalam kondisi terjepit. Menurut seorang kakek yang bernama Uwak Oong Rusmana (65 tahun), prasasti ini di tahun 2004 sampai 2010, cukup ramai dikunjungi oleh orang-orang peneliti, baik dari Balai Arkeologi Bandung maupun peneliti luar. Bahkan stasiun televisi lokal pun sempat berdatangan di prasasti ini. Rumah Uwak Oong sendiri tepat bersebelahan dengan prasasti dan rupanya beliau sudah menetap di sana sejak 1950-an. Sehingga batu prasasti ini tidak asing bagi beliau.

 Terdapat tiga komponen utama pada prasasti ini. Yang pertama adalah lambang kepala tengkorak berdiameter sekitar 5-8 cm. Lalu ada telapak tangan kecil, dan yang ketiga adalah dua baris tulisan berbahasa Sunda Kuno. Menurut peneliti dari Balai Arkeologi Bandung (Drs. Lutfi Yondri) dan Kepala Seksi Purbakala Disbudpar Jawa Barat (Romlah), isi tulisan tersebut berbentuk uga (ramalan) dan bila dua baris tulisan tersebut disatukan, maka terjemahan dalam aksara latin adalah:

“Ung ga l ja ga t, jal ma h dha p”

Artinya adalah “setiap manusia akan mengalami bencana”. Jadi isi dari prasasti yang diduga berasal dari masa Sunda Klasik di sekitar abad 7 dan 11 Masehi ini lebih cenderung berupa ramalan dan pesan masa depan agar tidak melakukan sesuatu yang merugikan.

 Tulisan tersebut sangat rapi dan jelas sekali dengan tinggi huruf bervariasi dari 2.5 sm hingga 3.5 cm. Sungguh sangat disayangkan apabila perhatian dari pemerintah tidak tercurahkan pada prasasti ini. Terlebih letaknya yang berada di pemukiman padat penduduk, dan ironisnya dekat sekali dengan kamar mandi umum milik warga. Untuk itu, kesadaran warga dan juga pertolongan dari pemerintah melalui dinas terkait sangat dinantikan untuk menyelamatkan situs ini.

 Setelah puas dengan prasasti tersebut, saya segera pamit dan pulang. Ternyata, rute pulang jauh lebih mudah. Saya susuri jalan di depan masjid di depan prasasti, dan sekitar 100 meter darinya, saya keluar di Gang Marga Setia. Yang cukup mengejutkan, gang ini berada tepat di depan Rumah Makan Pringgodani di Jalan Cihampelas No. 97. Lokasinya pun tidak jauh dari fly-over Pasopati. Dengan demikian, justru kita lebih mudah menjangkau lokasi prasasti ini dari Jalan Cihampelas.

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Uwak Oong with Cikapundung Inscription

Uwak Oong with Cikapundung Inscription

Once upon time in 2010, there was news about the discovery of an old inscription on Cikapundung riverbank. It is precisely located in Kampong Cimaung Kulon, Tamansari Village, Bandung Wetan District, Bandung Municipality. This inscription is unique, because it was found in the middle of a densely populated residential and until now, it is the only one inscription that founded in the middle of the Bandung city. Thailand inscription in Dago waterfall may exist as well, but it’s located in the border of city.

 After Friday prayer in the Masjid Lautze-2 Bandung, my curiosity towards these inscriptions strengthens my will to see it. With GPS guidance, and information from local people along the way, I started to walk-down from Merdeka Street – RE Martadinata, and then turned toward Pasundan University. Up here, I’ve already get into Tamansari Village, unfortunately, Kampong Cimaung Kulon is not here. Local people told me, that the kampong is precisely located under Cihampelas area. I decide to stay along the Tamansari Road into the intersection of Balubur (Pasopati fly-over), and approximately 50 meters from there, a left-road which named as Jalan Pelesir is waiting. I then follow this road straight until arrived at the Cikapundung riverbank which the stream quite heavy due to rain in the morning. Thanks to local people, I finally arrived at the inscription after walked 30-minutes following narrow alley.

 This inscription is located only 5 meters from the edge of Cikapundung River. With sized as 1.8 meters, it seemed this inscription have embedded enough in the ground. Besides the inscription, there is an old tree which has grown tall enough which makes the inscription actually in wedge position. According to an old man named Uwak Oong Rusmana (65 years), between 2004 and 2010, the inscription was routine visited by archaeologist, both from Bandung Archaeology Office or outside. Even the local television station also had come to this inscription. Uwak Oong house is right in the next of inscription, and apparently he has lived there since the 1950’s. So, he is really familiar with this this inscription.

 There are three main components in this inscription. The first is the epitome of head skull, approximately around 5-8 cm in diameter. Then there is a small palm on the left side, and the third is a two-lines inscription from ancient Sundanese language. According to archaeologist from the Bandung Archaeology Office (Drs. Lutfi Yondri) and Section Head of Antiquities Tourism and Culture Department West Java (Romlah), the inscription contents of uga (prophecy spell) and when the two-lines inscription put together, the translation in latin alphabet is:

“Ung ga l ja ga t, jal ma h dha p”

The meaning is “every human will sustain a disaster”. So the content of the inscription which allegedly from Sunda Classical period around the 7th and 11th century AD, is more likely future prediction and message for human to not do something harmful.

 The text is very neat and clear with a letter height varies from 2.5 to 3.5 cm. But it is so pity, this inscription lacks of attention from local government. Moreover, it lies in the densely populated area, and ironically close to public bathrooms. Because of that, the awareness of citizens and also attention from the government through the relevant agencies highly anticipated to save this site.

 After pleased with the inscription, I immediately excused to Uwak Oong Rusmana and went home. It turns out, the way home so much easier. I trace the alley in front of the small masjid in front of the inscription, and about 100 meters away, I was out in the Gang Marga Setia (Marga Setia Alley). Surprisingly, this alley is located right in front of Pringgodani Restaurant on 97th Cihampelas Street. The location is not far from Pasopati fly-over too. Therefore, obviously, it is easier to reach the inscription from Cihampelas street.

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~ by aldiparis on January 6, 2014.

One Response to “:: Mengunjungi Prasasti Cikapundung (Visiting Cikapundung Inscription) ::”

  1. bisa aja prasasti itu sisa2 bencana alam jaman dahulu yang terkubur

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